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Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1991;105(4):447-52.

Discriminative stimulus effects of spiradoline, a kappa-opioid agonist.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322.

Abstract

This study represents the initial step in assessing the discriminative effects of spiradoline (U62,066), a potent congener of the selective kappa-opioid agonist, U50,488. Separate groups of rats were trained to discriminate between SC injections of saline and either 3.0 mg/kg spiradoline or 3.0 mg/kg morphine in a discrete-trial shock-avoidance/escape procedure. Spiradoline-trained rats generalized completely to U50,488 (ED50S for spiradoline and U50,488 were 0.66 and 8.71 mg/kg, respectively), but selected the choice lever appropriate for saline in generalization tests with graded doses of morphine, phencyclidine, and agonist-antagonist opioids with varying degrees of kappa activity, ethylketocyclazocine, nalorphine, and butorphanol. Morphine-trained rats did not generalize to spiradoline. Naltrexone (0.01 or 0.1 mg/kg) blocked surmountably the discriminative effects of both spiradoline and morphine, but was approximately 10-fold less potent against spiradoline. These results indicate that the discriminative effects of spiradoline are mediated by kappa-opioid receptors; meaningful mu-opioid and PCP/sigma components of action were not in evidence. The potency and apparent pharmacological selectivity of spiradoline suggest the potential value of this drug for studying kappa-opioid-mediated stimulus control of behavior.

PMID:
1663252
DOI:
10.1007/bf02244362
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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