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Free Radic Biol Med. 2006 Apr 15;40(8):1443-53. Epub 2006 Jan 17.

Critical role of endothelial cell-derived nitric oxide synthase in sickle cell disease-induced microvascular dysfunction.

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Department of Molecular and Cellular Physiology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, 71130, USA.


Superoxide, which can limit nitric oxide bioavailability, has been implicated in blood cell-vessel wall interactions observed in sickle cell transgenic (beta(S)) mice. Here we report that nonselective chemical inhibition of nitric oxide synthase isoforms dramatically reduces the enhanced leukocyte and platelet adhesion normally observed in cerebral venules of beta(S) mice. Although genetic deficiency of vascular wall inducible nitric oxide synthase does not alter adhesion responses in beta(S) mice, a significant attenuation is noted in beta(S) mice with vascular wall endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) deficiency, while the adhesion responses are exacerbated when eNOS is overexpressed in microvessels. The eNOS-mediated enhancement of blood cell adhesion is reversible by pretreatment with sepiapterin (which generates the eNOS cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin) or polyethyleneglycol-superoxide dismutase, implicating a role for eNOS-dependent superoxide production. These findings suggest that an imbalance between eNOS-derived nitric oxide and superoxide, both generated by the vessel wall, is critical to the proinflammatory and prothrombogenic phenotype that is assumed by the microvasculature in sickle cell disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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