Send to

Choose Destination
Neuron. 2006 Apr 20;50(2):261-75.

SAD: a presynaptic kinase associated with synaptic vesicles and the active zone cytomatrix that regulates neurotransmitter release.

Author information

KAN Research Institute, Kyoto 600-8815, Japan.


A serine/threonine kinase SAD-1 in C. elegans regulates synapse development. We report here the isolation and characterization of mammalian orthologs of SAD-1, named SAD-A and SAD-B, which are specifically expressed in the brain. SAD-B is associated with synaptic vesicles and, like the active zone proteins CAST and Bassoon, is tightly associated with the presynaptic cytomatrix in nerve terminals. A short conserved region (SCR) in the COOH-terminus is required for the synaptic localization of SAD-B. Overexpression of SAD-B in cultured rat hippocampal neurons significantly increases the frequency of miniature excitatory postsynaptic current but not its amplitude. Introduction of SCR into presynaptic superior cervical ganglion neurons in culture significantly inhibits evoked synaptic transmission. Moreover, SCR decreases the size of the readily releasable pool measured by applying hypertonic sucrose. Furthermore, SAD-B phosphorylates the active zone protein RIM1 but not Munc13-1. These results suggest that mammalian SAD kinase presynaptically regulates neurotransmitter release.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center