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Behav Res Methods. 2005 Nov;37(4):626-30.

Emotional category data on images from the International Affective Picture System.

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University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.


The International Affective Picture System (IAPS) is widely used in studies of emotion and has been characterized primarily along the dimensions of valence, arousal, and dominance. Even though research has shown that the IAPS is useful in the study of discrete emotions, the categorical structure of the IAPS has not been characterized thoroughly. The purpose of the present project was to collect descriptive emotional category data on subsets of the LAPS in an effort to identify images that elicit onediscrete emotion more than others. These data reveal multiple emotional categories for the images and indicate that this image set has great potential in the investigation of discrete emotions. This article makes these data available to researchers with such interests. Data for all the pictures are archived at

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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