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Mol Microbiol. 1991 Sep;5(9):2171-80.

Construction of a physical map of the chromosome of Shigella flexneri 2a and the direct assignment of nine virulence-associated loci identified by Tn5 insertions.

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Department of Bacteriology, University of Tokyo, Japan.


To establish the molecular basis of the chromosomal virulence genes of Shigella flexneri 2a (YSH6000), a Notl restriction map of the chromosome was constructed by exploiting Notl-linking clones, partial Notl digestion and DNA probes from various genes of Escherichia coli K-12. The map revealed at least three local differences in the placements of genes between YSH6000 and E. coli K-12. Using the additional Notl sites introduced by Tn5 insertion, nine virulence loci identified previously by random Tn5 insertions were physically mapped on the chromosome. To demonstrate the versatility of the Notl map in direct assignment of the virulence loci tagged by Tn5 to a known genetic region in E. coli K-12, the major class of avirulent mutants defective in the core structure of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was examined for the sites of Tn5 insertions. The two Notl segments created by the Tn5 insertion in the Notl fragment were analysed by Southern blotting with two DNA probes for the 5' and 3' flanking regions of the rfa region, and shown to hybridize separately with each of them, confirming the sites of Tn5 in the rfa locus. This approach will facilitate direct comparison genetically mapped Tn5 insertion mutations of S. flexneri with genes physically determined in E. coli K-12.

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