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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1991 Dec 31;181(3):1539-47.

Invasive human fibrosarcoma DNA mediated induction of a 92 kDa gelatinase/type IV collagenase leads to an invasive phenotype.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Developmental Biology, National Institute of Dental Research, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892.

Abstract

Proteolytic enzymes, such as gelatinase/type IV collagenase, play a pivotal role in cancer invasion and metastasis. Invasive human fibrosarcoma cells (HT1080) secrete two species of gelatinase/type IV collagenase, 68-72 kDa and 92 kDa enzymes. The purpose of this study is to elucidate which species of gelatinase/type IV collagenase plays a more important role in invasion. We have found that HT1080 x human fibroblast hybrids have reduced ability to invade a reconstituted basement membrane (Matrigel) in vitro compared to HT1080 cells, and abundantly secrete only the 68-72 kDa gelatinase/type IV collagenase. These data suggest that the 92 kDa gelatinase/type IV collagenase may be more important in HT1080 cell invasion. We next transfected HT1080 genomic DNA into non-invasive mouse C3H/10T1/2 fibroblast cells, which secrete only 68-72 kDa gelatinase/type IV collagenase. Four invasive transfectants were established. These invasive transfectants secreted the 92 kDa gelatinase/type IV collagenase in addition to the 68-72 kDa gelatinase/type IV collagenase, whereas non-invasive control DNA transfectants did not secrete the 92 kDa gelatinase/type IV collagenase. These results suggest that the induction of the 92 kDa gelatinase/type IV collagenase is important in the invasive phenotype.

PMID:
1662501
DOI:
10.1016/0006-291x(91)92114-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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