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Carcinogenesis. 2006 Sep;27(9):1883-93. Epub 2006 Apr 19.

1alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 suppresses interleukin-8-mediated prostate cancer cell angiogenesis.

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Department of Urology, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14642, USA.


Angiogenesis is an essential step in initial tumor development and metastasis. Consequently, compounds that inhibit angiogenesis would be useful in treating cancer. A variety of antitumor effects mediated by 1alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-VD) have been reported, one of which is anti-angiogenesis; however, detailed mechanisms remain unclear. We have demonstrated that 1,25-VD inhibits prostate cancer (PCa) cell-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cell migration and tube formation, two critical steps involved in the angiogenesis. An angiogenesis factor, interleukin-8 (IL-8), secreted from PCa cell was suppressed by 1,25-VD at both mRNA and protein levels. Mechanistic dissection found that 1,25-VD inhibits NF-kappaB signal, one of the most important IL-8 upstream regulators. The 1,25-VD-mediated NF-kappaB signal reduction was shown to result from the blocking of nuclear translocation of p65, a subunit of the NF-kappaB complex, and was followed by attenuation of the NF-kappaB complex binding to DNA. The role of IL-8 in PCa progression was further examined by PCa tissue microarray analyses. We found that IL-8 expression was elevated during PCa progression, which suggests that IL-8 may play a role in tumor progression mediated through its stimulation on angiogenesis. These findings indicate that 1,25-VD could prevent PCa progression by interrupting IL-8 signaling, which is required in tumor angiogenesis, and thus applying vitamin D in PCa treatment may be beneficial for controlling disease progression.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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