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Arch Med Res. 2006 May;37(4):436-48.

Oxidative stress at the vascular wall. Mechanistic and pharmacological aspects.

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Escuela de Medicina, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Católica del Maule, Talca, Chile.


During the process of energy production in aerobic respiration, vascular cells produce reactive oxygen species (ROS). A growing body of evidence indicates that oxidative stress refers to a condition in which cells are subjected to excessive levels of ROS. Overall vascular function is dependent upon a fine balance of oxidant and antioxidant mechanisms, which determine endothelial functions. Considerable experimental and clinical data indicate that intracellular oxidant milieu is also involved in several redox-sensitive cellular signaling pathways such as ion transport systems, protein phosphorylation, and gene expression and thus also plays important roles as modulator of vascular cell functions such as cell growth, apoptosis, migration, angiogenesis and cell adhesion. Overproduction of ROS under pathophysiologic conditions is integral in the development of cardiovascular diseases. This fact has raised an intensive search of new pharmacological approaches to improve vascular hemostasis and particularly those intended to decrease oxidative stress or augment the antioxidant defense mechanisms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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