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Zh Vyssh Nerv Deiat Im I P Pavlova. 1991 Sep-Oct;41(5):982-97.

[A neuronal analysis of the hunting behavior of sea butterfly Clione limacina].

[Article in Russian]


Neurones of the cerebral ganglia controlling the movements of the hunting apparatus of predatory pelagic mollusc Clione limacina are described in detail. A large group is identified of high-threshold electrically interconnected neurones A, the impulse activity of which leads to the opening of the skin folds and throwing forward Clione catching tentacles. Neurones of B group, having constant background activity and receiving powerful inhibitory inputs from A cells, on the contrary, elicit contraction and drawing in of the hunting tentacles inside the head. The third group--C neurons, the impulse activity of which leads to tightening of the skin folds covering the hunting apparatus. The action has been studied on identified neurones of such transmitters as serotonine, dopamine and gamma-aminobutyric acid. Serotonine depolarises both A and B neurones, but activation of the hunting apparatus is an integrating effect: activated neurones A owing to powerful TPSP inhibit neurones B, interrupting direct exciting action of serotonine. Dopamine in different concentrations has an opposite effect: at low concentrations only B cells are activated and tentacles are drawn inside the head; at high ones the neurones A start working which inhibit B cells and activate the hunting apparatus. GABA renders to neurones, regulating the movements of the hunting apparatus a total, well coordinated action directed to activation of the hunting behaviour: it depolarises-activates A neurones and hyperpolarises-inhibits neurones of B and C groups.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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