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Transfus Med. 2006 Apr;16(2):85-91.

Solvent-detergent plasma: use in neonatal patients, in adult and paediatric patients with liver disease and in obstetric and gynaecological emergencies.

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1
Irish Blood Transfusion Service, National Blood Centre, Dublin, Ireland.

Abstract

The study was conducted to assess the efficacy and tolerance of solvent-detergent (SD) plasma in neonates, in obstetric and gynaecological patients and in patients with liver disease in three large hospitals in Dublin during the period 1 April 2002 (when SD plasma was introduced) through 31 October 2003. Forty-one neonates received 67 transfusions of SD plasma at a mean dose +/- standard deviation of 18.4 +/- 13.2 mL kg(-1). Thirty-one (75.6%) patients had coagulopathy without haemorrhage (either disseminated intravascular coagulopathy or other coagulopathy); a further eight (19.5%) had clinical haemorrhage (excluding intraventricular haemorrhage), which complicated a coagulopathy. Thirty-eight obstetric and gynaecological patients received 57 SD plasma transfusions at a mean dose of 15.3 +/- 7.7 mL kg(-1). Thirty-six women (94.7%) had haemorrhage with mean blood loss per patient of 3345.8 +/- 2738.1 mL. Fifteen children with liver disease received 33 SD plasma transfusions at a mean volume of 38.0 +/- 41.5 mL kg(-1) body weight. Seventeen adult patients with severe end-stage liver disease were transfused with SD plasma either following liver transplantation or prior to other invasive procedures, at a mean dose of 10.2 +/- 3.4 mL kg(-1). There were statistically significant decreases in mean activated partial thromboplastin time and prothrombin time in neonates, in obstetric and gynaecological patients and in patients with liver disease. Complete correction of coagulation parameters was not achieved in any case in the liver transplant group. No adverse reactions were observed for SD plasma infusion. Use of SD plasma in critically ill neonates, in women with obstetric and gynaecological emergencies and in patients with liver disease appears safe, and improves laboratory indices of coagulopathy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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