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Nat Rev Immunol. 2006 May;6(5):417-23.

Functional signatures in antiviral T-cell immunity for monitoring virus-associated diseases.

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Laboratory of AIDS Immunopathogenesis, Division of Immunology and Allergy, Department of Medicine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, University of Lausanne, 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland.


At present, we only have indirect knowledge of the protective role of antigen-specific T cells in human viral infections, and it has been difficult to show a direct correlation between quantitative and qualitative measures of T-cell immunity and virus-associated diseases. However, as described in this Opinion article, recent advances in the characterization of T-cell functions and in the development of standardized T-cell assays have led to the identification of distinct functional signatures of T-cell responses that correlate with levels of viral replication and disease activity.

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