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J Biol Chem. 1991 Dec 25;266(36):24302-7.

Collagen-induced exposure of anionic phospholipid in platelets and platelet-derived microparticles.

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Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle 98195.


We have shown recently that the calcium-dependent phospholipid-binding protein annexin V (placental anticoagulant protein I) can be used to study the exposure of anionic phospholipid after platelet activation. In this study we have further examined the mechanism of this process. Collagen-induced exposure of annexin V binding sites correlated directly with increased ability to support activity of the reconstituted prothrombinase complex. The potency of annexin V as an inhibitor of platelet prothrombinase was the same as its Kd for platelets. Prior incubation of platelets with 5'-p-fluorosulfonylbenzoyladenosine or p-chloromercuribenzenesulfonate had no significant effect on annexin V binding. Similarly, inhibition of platelet cyclic endoperoxide synthesis by acetylsalicylic acid or indomethacin did not inhibit annexin V binding. Staurosporine inhibited collagen-induced, but not A23187-induced, annexin V binding. Agents that increase intraplatelet cyclic nucleotides partially inhibited collagen-induced annexin V binding. Thus, collagen-induced exposure of anionic phospholipid appears to depend primarily on increases in intraplatelet free calcium and may be independent of ADP- or endoperoxide-mediated pathways. Binding sites for annexin V on microparticles derived from collagen-stimulated platelets were demonstrated by flow cytometry and gel filtration. In addition, prior incubation of platelets with 100 nM annexin V inhibited factor Va binding to both platelets and platelet-derived microparticles. These results support the concept that the procoagulant effect of platelets and platelet-derived microparticles is mediated by calcium-induced exposure of anionic phospholipids.

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