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Blood. 2006 Aug 15;108(4):1243-50. Epub 2006 Apr 18.

Neuropilin-2 interacts with VEGFR-2 and VEGFR-3 and promotes human endothelial cell survival and migration.

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  • 1Angiogenesis and Thrombosis Department, Sanofi-Synthelabo Research, 31036 Toulouse, France.


Neuropilin 2 (NRP2) is a receptor for the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and the semaphorin (SEMA) families, 2 unrelated ligand families involved in angiogenesis and neuronal guidance. NRP2 specifically binds VEGF-A and VEGF-C, although the biological relevance of these interactions in human endothelial cells is poorly understood. In this study, we show that both VEGF-A and VEGF-C induce the interaction of NRP2 with VEGFR-2. This interaction correlated with an enhancement of the VEGFR-2 phosphorylation threshold. Overexpression of NRP2 in primary human endothelial cells promoted cell survival induced by VEGF-A and VEGF-C. In contrast, SEMA3F, another ligand for NRP2, was able to inhibit human endothelial cell survival and migration induced by VEGF-A and VEGF-C. Moreover, a siRNA targeting specifically NRP2 was a potent inhibitor of human endothelial cell migration induced by VEGF-A and VEGF-C. Thus, our data indicate that NRP2 acts as a coreceptor that enhances human endothelial cell biological responses induced by VEGF-A and VEGF-C.

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