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J Biol Chem. 2006 Jun 23;281(25):17410-9. Epub 2006 Apr 18.

ATP binding to a unique site in the type-1 S2- inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor defines susceptibility to phosphorylation by protein kinase A.

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Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York 14642, USA.


The subtype- and splice variant-specific modulation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (InsP3R) by interaction with cellular factors plays a fundamental role in defining the characteristics of Ca2+ release in individual cell types. In this study, we investigate the binding properties and functional consequences of the expression of a putative nucleotide binding fold (referred to as the ATPC site) unique to the S2- splice variant of the type-1 InsP3R (InsP3R-1), the predominant splice variant in peripheral tissue. A glutathione S-transferase fusion protein encompassing amino acids 1574-1765 of the S2- InsP3R-1 and including the glycine-rich motif Gly-Tyr-Gly-Glu-Lys-Gly bound ATP specifically as measured by fluorescent trinitrophenyl-ATP binding. This binding was completely abrogated by a point mutation (G1690A) in the nucleotide binding fold. The functional sensitivity of S2- InsP3R-1 constructs was evaluated in DT40-3KO-M3 cells, a null background for InsP3R, engineered to express muscarinic M3 receptors. The S2- InsP3R-1 containing the G1690A mutation was markedly less sensitive to agonist stimulation than wild type S2- InsP3R-1 or receptors containing a similar (Gly --> Ala) mutation in the established nucleotide binding sites in InsP3R-1 (the ATPA and ATPB sites). The ATP sensitivity of InsP3-induced Ca2+ release, however, was not altered by the G1690A mutation when measured in permeabilized DT40-3KO cells, suggesting a unique role for the ATPC site. Ca2+ release was dramatically potentiated following activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase in DT40-3KO cells transiently expressing wild type S2- InsP3R or Gly --> Ala mutations in the ATPA and ATPB sites, but phosphorylation of the receptor and the potentiation of Ca2+ release were absent in cells expressing the G1690A mutation in S2- InsP3R. These data indicate that ATP binding specifically to the ATPC site in S2- InsP3R-1 controls the susceptibility of the receptor to protein kinase A-mediated phosphorylation, contributes to the functional sensitivity of the S2- InsP3R-1 and ultimately the sensitivity of cells to agonist stimulation.

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