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Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2006 Nov;74(2):189-93. Epub 2006 Apr 18.

Effect of glucagon-like peptide-1 (7-37) on beta-cell function after islet transplantation in type 1 diabetes.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.


Islet transplantation can improve glycemic control in patients with type 1 diabetes and reduce or eliminate the need for insulin. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is an intestinal insulinotropic hormone that augments glucose induced insulin secretion, and has a trophic effect on beta-cells. We evaluated the effect of GLP-1 on insulin secretion after islet transplantation. Patients underwent hyperglycemic glucose clamp studies 1 month after their last transplant. GLP-1 was infused during the second hour of the hyperglycemic clamp. Results were compared to normal control subjects and patients with type 2 diabetes who underwent an identical hyperglycemic clamp. First phase insulin release was absent in patients, while second phase insulin was not significantly reduced (control: 118+/-29 pM; type 2 diabetes: 68+/-20 pM; transplant: 99+/-18 pM, p=ns for all). GLP-1 had a significant incretin effect on transplanted islets but the response was less than controls (control: 2108+/-344 pM; type 2 diabetes: 929+/-331 pM; transplant: 329+/-112 pM, p<0.0001 control versus transplant). Islet transplant patients had no evidence of resistance to insulin mediated glucose disposal. We conclude that transplanted islets retain the ability to respond to GLP-1.

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