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Theriogenology. 2006 Sep 15;66(5):1098-101. Epub 2006 Apr 18.

Long-term cryopreservation of mouse sperm.

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Division of Reproductive Engineering, Center for Animal Resources and Development (CARD), Kumamoto University, 2-2-1 Honjo, Kumamoto 860-0811, Japan.


The objective was to determine if mouse sperm can maintain their fertilizing ability after being frozen for >10 y and whether the offspring derived from these sperm had normal fertilizing ability and phenotype. We cryopreserved sperm from six strains of mice (C57BL/6J, DBA/2N, BALB/cA, C3H/HeJ, B6D2F1 and B6C3F1) in a solution containing 18% (w/v) raffinose and 3% (w/v) skim milk, and preserved them in liquid nitrogen for >10 y. To assess the normality and fertilizing ability of these sperms, they were thawed and used for in vitro fertilization of oocytes of the same strains. Fertilization rates for C57BL/6J, DBA/2N, BALB/cA, C3H/HeJ, B6D2F1 and B6C3F1 were 66.4, 92.3, 72.8, 32.9, 60.3 and 53.7%, respectively. Furthermore, 38.3, 15.0, 43.3, 26.1, 38.3 and 16.7% of the embryos transferred to pseudopregnant females developed and produced live offspring that had normal phenotype and fertility.

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