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Diabet Med. 2006 Apr;23(4):426-31.

Reduced prevalence of early preterm delivery in women with Type 1 diabetes and microalbuminuria--possible effect of early antihypertensive treatment during pregnancy.

Author information

1
Clinic of Endocrinology, University Hospital of Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark. enel@dadlnet.dk

Abstract

AIMS:

In normotensive women with Type 1 diabetes and microalbuminuria we previously found preterm delivery (< 34 weeks) in 23% of the pregnancies. Antihypertensive treatment was initiated in late pregnancy when preeclampsia was diagnosed and diastolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg. From April 2000 our routine was changed and early antihypertensive treatment with methyldopa was initiated if antihypertensive treatment was given prior to pregnancy, if urinary albumin excretion (UAE) was > 2 g/24 h, or blood pressure > 140/90 mmHg. The present study describes the impact of this more aggressive antiypertensive treatment in the prevalence of preterm delivery.

METHODS:

The old cohort (1995-1999) consisted of 26 and the new cohort (2000-2003) of 20 pregnant women with Type 1 diabetes and microalbuminuria. All were referred before gestational week 17.

RESULTS:

The cohorts were comparable with regard to age, diabetes duration, prepregnancy body mass index, HbA1c, blood pressure 121 (13)/71 (8) vs. 121 (14)/73 (8) mmHg [mean (sd)] and early UAE 69 (16-278) vs. 74 (30-287) mg/24 h (geometric mean and range). Antihypertensive treatment was initiated in the old cohort at 29 (20-33) weeks, n = 9, and in the new at 13 (0-34) weeks, n = 10. The prevalence of preterm delivery before 34 weeks was reduced from 23% to zero (P = 0.02), preterm delivery before 37 weeks from 62% to 40% (P = 0.15) and preeclampsia from 42% to 20% (P = 0.11). Perinatal mortality occurred in 4% vs. 0%. Birth weight was 3124 (767) g vs. 3279 (663) g.

CONCLUSION:

Introduction of early antihypertensive treatment with methyldopa in normotensive pregnant women with Type 1 diabetes and microalbuminuria resulted in a significant reduction in preterm delivery before gestational week 34.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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