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Anticancer Res. 2006 Mar-Apr;26(2A):1011-4.

Insulin-regulated aminopeptidase/placental leucil Aminopeptidase (IRAP/P-lAP) and angiotensin IV-forming activities are modified in serum of rats with breast cancer induced by N-methyl-nitrosourea.

Author information

1
Departamento de Morfología y Biología Celular, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In previous reports, changes in oxytocinase activity in human breast cancer tissue and in the serum of N-methyl-nitrosourea (NMU)-induced rat mammary tumors were described. Insulin-regulated aminopeptidase (IRAP) has been identified with oxytocinase and has also been referred to as placental leucine aminopeptidase (P-LAP).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The IRAP/P-LAP activity in rat serum was assayed to analyze the putative role that IRAP/P-LAP may play in regulating mammary gland carcinogenesis induced by NMU. Furthermore, as it has been recently described that IRAP/P-LAP is the angiotensin IV (Ang IV) receptor AT4, the activities of Ang IV-forming aminopeptidase N (APN) and aminopeptidase B (APB) were also assayed.

RESULTS:

Changes in serum IRAP/P-LAP and Ang IV-forming APB activities were found in rats with mammary tumors induced by NMU. Both activities were greatly increased, although the Ang IV-forming APN activity was not modified.

CONCLUSION:

These changes in aminopeptidase activities may reflect the local functional status of their substrates, which can be selectively activated or inhibited in the affected tissue as a result of specific conditions brought about by the tumor. Thus, these enzymatic activities may be involved in the promotion and progression of breast cancer through oxytocin (OT), vasopressin (AVP) and/or renin-angiotensin system (RAS) misregulation.

PMID:
16619500
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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