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Mol Pharmacol. 1991 Dec;40(6):988-94.

Photoaffinity labeling of the brevetoxin receptor on sodium channels in rat brain synaptosomes.

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University of Miami, School of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Florida 33101.


Brevetoxin, a neurotoxin isolated from the marine dinoflagellate Ptychodiscus brevis, has been derivatized into a photoaffinity probe by carbodiimide linkage to p-azidobenzoic acid. Rosenthal analysis of a tritiated p-azidobenzoate brevetoxin derivative indicates that specific binding of the toxin occurs at two distinct and separate sites, with Kd and Bmax values of 0.21 nM and 2.12 pmol/mg of protein for the high affinity site and 50.7 nM and 91.5 pmol/mg of protein for the low affinity site, respectively. Binding of tritiated photoaffinity probe to the high affinity/low capacity site can be displaced in a competitive manner by native brevetoxin (Kd = 1.9 nM), demonstrating a specific competitive interaction with the receptor site. Rat brain synaptosomes, covalently labeled with the brevetoxin photoaffinity probe, were subjected to detergent solubilization. The covalently labeled membrane protein was estimated to have a Stokes radius of 55 +/- 3 A. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed specific labeling of a 260-kDa protein. Treatment with 2-mercaptoethanol and neuraminidase resulted in retention of brevetoxin binding to this high molecular weight protein. The affinity-purified membrane protein-brevetoxin photoaffinity probe complex was specifically recognized by a sodium channel antibody directed against the intracellular side of transmembrane segment IS6. The sodium channel alpha subunit is implicated as the specific site of brevetoxin interaction.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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