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Cardiovasc Drug Rev. 2005 Winter;23(4):317-30.

CGS 35601, a triple inhibitor of angiotensin converting enzyme, neutral endopeptidase and endothelin converting enzyme.

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Laval Hospital Research Center, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Department of Medicine, Laval University, Ste-Foy, QC G1V 4G5, Canada.


CGS 35601 (L-tryptophan, N-[[1-[[(2S)-2-mercapto-4-methyl-1-oxopentyl]amino]-cyclopentyl]carbonyl]) is one of a few single molecules capable of inhibiting the activities of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), neutral endopeptidase (NEP) and endothelin converting enzyme (ECE) simultaneously, with IC(50) values of 22, 2, and 55 nM, respectively. Through the inhibition of ACE and ECE, it blocks the conversion of angiotensin I (AI) and big endothelin-1 (big ET-1) into the two most potent peptidic vasoconstrictors, angiotensin II (AII) and ET-1, respectively. By inhibiting NEP, CGS 35601 also prevents the degradation of peptidic vasodilators such as bradykinin (BK), natriuretic peptides (NPs) and adrenomedullin (ADM) and, hence, modulates the secondary release of other vasoactive mediators such as nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandins. In chronic (30 days) experiments, CGS 35601 is well tolerated with a very good safety profile in healthy normotensive, hypertensive and type 2 diabetic rats. The antihypertensive efficacy of CGS 35601 was demonstrated in chronically instrumented, unrestrained and conscious rat models of hypertension (SHR and DSS) and type 2 diabetes (ZDF-fatty). It lowered blood pressure effectively as well as modulated plasma concentrations of a number of circulating vasoactive peptidic mediators that are keys to the regulation of the vascular tone. These data suggest that CGS 35601, a triple vasopeptidase inhibitor (VPI), may represent a novel class of antihypertensive drugs and may have the potential to reduce morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disorders, diabetes and subsequent renal complications. Similar in vivo ACE, NEP, and ECE inhibitory activities were also observed with the orally active prodrug, CGS 37808 (L-tryptophan, N-[[1-[[(2S)-2-(acetylthio)-4-methyl-1-oxopentyl]amino]cyclopentyl]-carbonyl]-, methyl ester.

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