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Mol Cell Biol. 2006 May;26(9):3649-58.

Recruitment of the type B histone acetyltransferase Hat1p to chromatin is linked to DNA double-strand breaks.

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Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA.


Type B histone acetyltransferases are thought to catalyze the acetylation of the NH(2)-terminal tails of newly synthesized histones. Although Hat1p has been implicated in cellular processes, such as telomeric silencing and DNA damage repair, the underlying molecular mechanisms by which it functions remain elusive. In an effort to understand how Hat1p is involved in the process of DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair, we examined whether Hat1p is directly recruited to sites of DNA damage. Following induction of the endonuclease HO, which generates a single DNA DSB at the MAT locus, we found that Hat1p becomes associated with chromatin near the site of DNA damage. The nuclear Hat1p-associated histone chaperone Hif1p is also recruited to an HO-induced DSB with a similar distribution. In addition, while the acetylation of all four histone H4 NH(2)-terminal tail domain lysine residues is increased following DSB formation, only the acetylation of H4 lysine 12, the primary target of Hat1p activity, is dependent on the presence of Hat1p. Kinetic analysis of Hat1p localization indicates that it is recruited after the phosphorylation of histone H2A S129 and concomitant with the recombinational-repair factor Rad52p. Surprisingly, Hat1p is still recruited to chromatin in strains that cannot repair an HO-induced double-strand break. These results indicate that Hat1p plays a direct role in DNA damage repair and is responsible for specific changes in histone modification that occur during the course of recombinational DNA repair.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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