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Biochemistry. 1991 Dec 17;30(50):11669-76.

A totally synthetic histidine-2 ferredoxin: thermal stability and redox properties.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee 53201.


The entire polypeptide of Clostridium pasteurianum ferredoxin (Fd) with a site-substituted tyrosine-2----histidine-2 was synthesized using standard t-Boc procedures, reconstituted to the 2[4Fe-4S] holoprotein, and compared to synthetic C. pasteurianum and native Fds. Although histidine-2 is commonly found in thermostable clostridial Fds, the histidine-2 substitution into synthetic C. pasteurianum Fd did not significantly increase its thermostability. The reduction potential of synthetic histidine-2 Fd was -343 and -394 mV at pH 6.4 and 8.7, respectively, versus standard hydrogen electrode. Similarly, Clostridium thermosaccharolyticum Fd which naturally contains histidine-2 was previously determined to have a pH-dependent reduction potential [Smith, E.T., & Feinberg, B.A. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 14371-14376]. An electrostatic model was used to calculate the observed change in reduction potential with pH for a homologous ferredoxin with a known X-ray crystal structure containing a hypothetical histidine-2. In contrast, the reduction potential of both native C. pasteurianum Fd and synthetic Fd with the C. pasteurianum sequence was -400 mV versus standard hydrogen electrode and was pH-independent [Smith, E.T., Feinberg, B.A., Richards, J.H., & Tomich, J.M. (1991) J. Am. Chem. Soc. 113, 688-689]. On the basis of the above results, we conclude that the observed pH-dependent reduction potential for both synthetic and native ferredoxins that contain histidine-2 is attributable to the electrostatic interaction between histidine-2 and iron-sulfur cluster II which is approximately 6 A away.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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