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Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2006 Mar 18;150(11):589-93.

[Diagnosis and treatment of HIV-related Kaposi's sarcoma].

[Article in Dutch]

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Universitair Medisch Centrum, Groningen.

Erratum in

  • Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2006 Jun 1;150(26):1438.


A 42-year-old heterosexual man presented with bluish-purple spots on his skin and in his mouth cavity that had been present for a few months; a 48-year-old homosexual man had painful lymphadenopathy in the groins and left axilla. Both men appeared to have a Kaposi's sarcoma and to be HIV-positive. During highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and radiotherapy or chemotherapy, both the AIDS parameters and the skin lesions improved. Kaposi's sarcoma is AIDS-defining in HIV-seropositive patients. Human herpesvirus-8 infection seems to play a role in the development of Kaposi's sarcoma. The incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma has declined since the introduction of HAART. Nowadays, Kaposi's sarcoma is frequently the presenting symptom of HIV-seropositivity. Patients present with purple cutaneous lesions and/or generalised lymphadenopathy. Visceral lesions are associated with a shorter median survival. The treatment of Kaposi's sarcoma is palliative, whereas immune restitution can lead to regression of the sarcoma.

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