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Biochem Cell Biol. 2006 Apr;84(2):199-206.

ZNRD1 mediates resistance of gastric cancer cells to methotrexate by regulation of IMPDH2 and Bcl-2.

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State Key Laboratory of Cancer Biology & Institute of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi Province, China.


We previously showed that downregulation of a transcription-associated gene (ZNRD1) could reverse the resistant phenotype of gastric cancer cells through regulation of the transcription of multidrug resistance gene 1 (MDR1). In the present study, we determined both known and novel differentially expressed genes in VCR-induced multidrug resistant gastric cancer cell SGC7901/VCR transfected with ZNRD1 siRNA or empty vector control. Screening was performed using the Human Cancer Xpro(tm) HC-III plus arrays, containing 3072 cancer-related cDNAs. Ten genes, involved in cell cycle control, nucleic acid binding, and protein phosphorylation, among other functions, underwent more than 5-fold change. Of the downregulated genes we chose Inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase 2 (IMPDH2) for further validation by quantitative RT-PCR. In vitro and in vivo drug sensitivity analyses revealed that inhibition of ZNRD1 and IMPDH2 activity sensitized SGC7901/VCR cells to methotrexate. Additionally, inhibition of ZNRD1 could suppress adriamycin-induced apoptosis and significantly downregulate the expression of Bcl-2, but it did not alter the expression of the glutathione-S-transferase, or intracellular glutathione content. Taken together, the findings suggest that ZNRD1 could act as a modulator of methotrexate chemotherapy in gastric cancer cells through the regulation of IMPDH2 and Bcl-2.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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