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J Am Chem Soc. 2006 Apr 19;128(15):4924-5.

Complexation, structure, and superoxide dismutase activity of the imidazolate-bridged dinuclear copper moiety with beta-cyclodextrin and its guanidinium-containing derivative.

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School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China.


An imidazolate-bridged homodinuclear complex, {[Cu(L)(H2O)]2(im)}(ClO4)3 (1), assembled with beta-cyclodextrin (betaCD) and its guanidinium-containing derivative (betaGCD), and thus a helical inclusion complex, {[Cu(L)(H2O)(betaCD)]2(im)}(ClO4)3 (2), were successfully isolated and structurally characterized. Structural analysis showed that each Cu(II) ion has a distorted square pyramidal N4Ow coordination sphere and forms a chiral chain through hydrogen-bonding and hydrophobic interactions. The UV-vis data showed that such a chain can provide the imidazolate bridge additional stability and results in the dissociation equilibrium taking place at the physiological pH. The obtained IC50 value for 2 (0.23 muM) showed a high superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, which corresponds to a highly stable imidazolate bridge. Interestingly, the guanidinium-containing 1/betaGCD system showed higher SOD activity (IC50 = 0.16 muM), which is enhanced at least by 30% in comparison with that of guanidinium-lacking 2. This result supports that the positive guanidinium plays a role in the catalytic mechanism of Cu,Zn-SOD by ensuring that superoxide enters and peroxide leaves rapidly from the coordination sphere of the copper ion.

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