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Nat Clin Pract Urol. 2006 Apr;3(4):216-25.

Technology insight: monoclonal antibody imaging of prostate cancer.

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New York-Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA.


Imaging is a critical component of diagnosis, staging and monitoring, all of which factor heavily in treatment decision-making for cancer patients. Agents, such as antibodies, can target molecules that are relatively unique to cancer cells. Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is the most well-established, highly restricted prostate-cancer-related cell membrane antigen known. Ten years ago, the FDA approved (111)In-capromab pendetide for use in imaging soft-tissue, but not bone, sites of metastatic prostate cancer for presurgical staging or the evaluation of PSA relapse after local therapy. For presurgical patients with high-risk disease but negative bone, CT and MRI scans, capromab demonstrated the ability to identify some patients with positive nodes, thereby sparing them an unnecessary surgical procedure. But there have been no follow-up studies to indicate that high-risk patients with a negative capromab scan have a lower failure rate after surgery. In the setting of PSA relapse, capromab is compromised by its inability to sensitively image bone metastases; bone is the first site of metastatic prostate cancer in 72% of patients. The problem with imaging bone metastases is that capromab detects an antigenic site on the intracellular portion of PSMA-a site not accessible to circulating antibodies. Early results indicate that second-generation antibodies that target the extracellular domain of PSMA might provide significant benefits in the imaging of prostate cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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