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Phys Rev Lett. 2006 Mar 17;96(10):102002. Epub 2006 Mar 17.

Measurement of the dipion mass spectrum in decays.

Abulencia A, Acosta D, Adelman J, Affolder T, Akimoto T, Albrow MG, Ambrose D, Amerio S, Amidei D, Anastassov A, Anikeev K, Annovi A, Antos J, Aoki M, Apollinari G, Arguin JF, Arisawa T, Artikov A, Ashmanskas W, Attal A, Azfar F, Azzi-Bacchetta P, Azzurri P, Bacchetta N, Bachacou H, Badgett W, Barbaro-Galtieri A, Barnes VE, Barnett BA, Baroiant S, Bartsch V, Bauer G, Bedeschi F, Behari S, Belforte S, Bellettini G, Bellinger J, Belloni A, Ben Haim E, Benjamin D, Beretvas A, Beringer J, Berry T, Bhatti A, Binkley M, Bisello D, Bishai M, Blair RE, Blocker C, Bloom K, Blumenfeld B, Bocci A, Bodek A, Boisvert V, Bolla G, Bolshov A, Bortoletto D, Boudreau J, Bourov S, Boveia A, Brau B, Bromberg C, Brubaker E, Budagov J, Budd HS, Budd S, Burkett K, Busetto G, Bussey P, Byrum KL, Cabrera S, Campanelli M, Campbell M, Canelli F, Canepa A, Carlsmith D, Carosi R, Carron S, Casarsa M, Castro A, Catastini P, Cauz D, Cavalli-Sforza M, Cerri A, Cerrito L, Chang SH, Chapman J, Chen YC, Chertok M, 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CDF Collaboration.

Abstract

We measure the dipion mass spectrum in X(3872)--> J/psipi(+) pi(-) decays using 360 pb(-1) of pp collisions at square root s= 1.96 TeV collected with the CDF II detector. The spectrum is fit with predictions for odd C-parity ((3)S(1), (1)P(1), and (3)D(J)) charmonia decaying to J/psipi(+) pi(-), as well as even C-parity states in which the pions are from rho(0) decay. The latter case also encompasses exotic interpretations, such as a D(0)D(*0) molecule. Only the (3)S(1) and J/psirho hypotheses are compatible with our data. Since (3)S(1) is untenable on other grounds, decay via J/psirho is favored, which implies C= +1 for the X(3872). Models for J/psi - rho different angular momenta L are considered. Flexibility in the models, especially the introduction of rho - omega interference, enables good descriptions of our data for both L = 0 and 1.

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