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Environ Pollut. 2006 Dec;144(3):994-1000. Epub 2006 Apr 5.

Interpreting time trends and biomagnification of PCBs in the Baltic region using the equilibrium lipid partitioning approach.

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Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM), Unit for Environmental Toxicology and Environmental Chemistry, Frescativägen 50, Stockholm University, SE 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.


Multi-year monitoring data for PCBs in abiotic media and biota collected from the Baltic region were compiled into a database and analyzed using the equilibrium lipid partitioning (ELP) approach to study temporal trends as well as to investigate food web biomagnification. Statistically significant reductions in ELP concentrations between 1987 and 2001 were observed in guillemots, air, and some fish species and a general, but not always statistically significant decline in concentrations was observed throughout the Baltic ecosystem. Estimated clearance half-lives ranged from 2.7-10.7 years. The database contained concentrations for a range of different Baltic species, which comprise a well-known Baltic food web. It was possible to derive the trophic position of the species in this food web and relate them to ELP concentrations. A significant positive correlation between ELP concentrations and trophic position was obtained. Estimated food web magnification factors ranged between 1.9 and 5.1 for selected congeners.

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