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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2006 May 26;344(1):114-21. Epub 2006 Apr 17.

Relation between mRNA expression and sequence information in Desulfovibrio vulgaris: combinatorial contributions of upstream regulatory motifs and coding sequence features to variations in mRNA abundance.

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Department of Biological Sciences, University of Maryland at Baltimore County, 1000 Hilltop Circle, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA.


The context-dependent expression of genes is the core for biological activities, and significant attention has been given to identification of various factors contributing to gene expression at genomic scale. However, so far this type of analysis has been focused either on relation between mRNA expression and non-coding sequence features such as upstream regulatory motifs or on correlation between mRNA abundance and non-random features in coding sequences (e.g., codon usage and amino acid usage). In this study multiple regression analyses of the mRNA abundance and all sequence information in Desulfovibrio vulgaris were performed, with the goal to investigate how much coding and non-coding sequence features contribute to the variations in mRNA expression, and in what manner they act together. Using the AlignACE program, 442 over-represented motifs were identified from the upstream 100bp region of 293 genes located in the known regulons. Regression of mRNA expression data against the measures of coding and non-coding sequence features indicated that 54.1% of the variations in mRNA abundance can be explained by the presence of upstream motifs, while coding sequences alone contribute to 29.7% of the variations in mRNA abundance. Interestingly, most of contribution from coding sequences is overlapping with that from upstream motifs; thereby a total of 60.3% of the variations in mRNA abundance can be explained when coding and non-coding information was included. This result demonstrates that upstream regulatory motifs and coding sequence information contribute to the overall mRNA expression in a combinatorial rather than an additive manner.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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