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Inorg Chem. 2006 Apr 17;45(8):3408-14.

Crystallization of zeolites from organo-silicic colloids.

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  • 1Centro de Ciencias Aplicadas y Desarrollo Tecnológico, Cd. Universitaria A. P. 70-186 C. P. 04510, México, DF.

Abstract

As shown recently, the networks of mesoporous high-surface-area silicates and zeolites undergo a deep depolymerization process in glycerol, near 200 degrees C. Within 1 h, X-ray diffraction analysis amorphous gels are obtained. However, some local ordering subsists as demonstrated by a striking similarity between the silicon and aluminum high-resolution solid-state NMR spectra before and after the reaction. The residual organization could be investigated indirectly in studying the recrystallization of these gels in the presence or absence of structure-directing agents. Were this attempt successful, the way should be opened for the synthesis of molecular sieves starting from gels obtained from naturally occurring zeolites. Here, it will be shown that an amorphous gel obtained from HZSM-5 recovers the initial long-range structure of the parent material in a few hours at 85 degrees C in the presence of an aqueous solution of tetrapropyl ammonium (TPA) or NH3. The recrystallization of HY requires the presence of tetramethylammonium, but about 25% of the crystallization is obtained rapidly (approximately = 1 day) at 80 degrees C with ammonia. Hypotheses about the preorganized structural units are presented. The value of the Si-O-Si angle in the silica cluster seems to be of paramount importance.

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