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Virology. 1991 Dec;185(2):922-8.

Early events in Epstein-Barr virus genome expression after activation: regulation by second messengers of B cell activation.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester 01655.


RNA transcription from the BamHI Z and BamHI R and HindIII G regions of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) genome was studied after treatment of Akata cells with anti-immunoglobulin G (IgG), with second messenger agonists or antagonists to determine how latent EBV activation is regulated by B cell second messengers. Northern gel analysis demonstrated that BZLF1, BZLF1 + BRLF1, and BMLF1 + BSLF2 transcripts were induced at 2 hr and increased in concentration at 4 hr after induction with anti-IgG; transcripts from BRRF1, BaRF1, BMLF1, and BMRF1 were initiated at 4 hr; a transcript from BRRF2 appeared at 6 hr. The patterns of transcription from these genes after repeated stimulations with calcium ionophore A23187 + dioctanoylglycerol paralleled those with anti-IgG except that times of initiation were delayed by about 2 hr. Nuclear run-off assay of BZLF1 gene showed rapid increases in their transcriptions from 30 to 60 min after anti-IgG treatment. The protein kinase C antagonist, staurosporine, completely blocked the appearance of these transcripts, while 8-bromo cAMP + theophylline suppressed the transcription by about 40%. The regulation of EBV activation in Akata cells with anti-IgG or with second messenger agonists or antagonists can be explained by regulation at the level of transcription of immediate-early genes of EBV.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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