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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1991 Nov 27;181(1):252-8.

Chromosomal mapping of the human genes for the calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase (calcineurin) catalytic subunit.

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  • 1Section on Immunology, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Rockville, MD 20852.


Multiple catalytic subunits of the Ca2+ and calmodulin (CaM)-dependent protein phosphatase (PrP) ("calcineurin" or PrP-2B) are derived from at least two structural genes, type 1 ("calcineurin A alpha") and type 2 ("calcineurin A beta "), each of which can produce alternatively spliced transcripts. To examine the possible linkage of these genes, we analyzed genomic DNA from human/hamster hybrid cell lines using probes of 122 base pairs that were designed to bind selectively to exon 3 of the open reading frame. In this region, the nucleotide sequence of the type 2 murine cDNA that we cloned was greater than 99% identical to the type 2 human cDNA but only 78% identical to the type 1 human cDNA. Hybridization to Southern blots containing DNA from all human chromosomes showed that gene 1 was found on chromosome 4, whereas gene 2 segregated to chromosome 10. These data suggest that expression of the two calcineurin genes is not physically linked.

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