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Proteomics. 2006 May;6(9):2874-85.

Proteomic characterization of inter-alpha inhibitor proteins from human plasma.

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Proteomics Core, COBRE Center for Cancer Research Development, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI 02904, USA.


Inter-alpha inhibitor proteins (IaIp) are a family of structurally related serine protease inhibitors found in relatively high concentrations in human plasma. Recent studies have implicated a role for IaIp in sepsis, and have demonstrated their potential as biomarkers in sepsis and cancer. For characterization of isolated IaI proteins and contaminating proteins during the last steps of the purification process, SELDI-TOF MS and HPLC-ESI-MS/MS were used. After separation by SDS-PAGE or 2-DE, polypeptide bands of 80, 125 and 250 kDa were excised from gels and digested by trypsin. The tryptic peptides were analyzed by both MS methods. The main contamination during the purification process, a band of 80 kDa, contains mainly IaIp heavy chain (HC) H3. HC H1 and H2 were also found in this band. In addition, some vitamin K-dependent clotting factors and inhibitors and other plasma proteins were identified. The 125-kDa band, representing the pre-alpha inhibitor, was found to contain both bikunin and HC H3. The presence of other HC H1, H2 and the recently described HC H4 was also detected by SELDI-TOF MS. The presence of HC H1, H2, and H3 in the 125-kDa band was confirmed by ESI-MS/MS, but not the presence of the H4. Three polypeptides, H1 and H2 together with bikunin, were identified in the 250-kDa band, representing the ITI, by both MS techniques. Once again, the presence of H4 was detected in this band only by SELDI-TOF MS, but the number of corresponding peptides was still not sufficient for final identification of this polypeptide. The importance of the application of proteomic methods for the proper evaluation of therapeutic drugs based on human plasma is discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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