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Int J Mol Med. 2006 May;17(5):801-9.

Gene transduction of tristetraprolin or its active domain reduces TNF-alpha production by Jurkat T cells.

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1
Department of Clinical Immunology, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki 305-8575, Japan.

Abstract

Tristetraprolin (TTP) is a physiological regulator of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha production. It destabilizes TNF-alpha mRNA by binding to the AU-rich element located in the 3' region of TNF-alpha mRNA. We wished to determine how transducing the TTP gene or its fragment gene encoding its biological active site, the tandem zinc finger (TZF) domain, affects TNF-alpha production, cell viability and growth of Jurkat T cells. Jurkat T cells were transduced with either the TTP or the TZF gene using retrovirus vectors. Cell growth and apoptosis was analyzed. Expression of genes before or after appropriate stimuli was measured by real-time PCR. In addition, production of the TNF-alpha protein was measured by enzyme immunoassay. The transduction of either gene reduced TNF-alpha mRNA levels under unstimulated conditions, and reduced the response to phytohemagglutinin stimulation. Production of TNF-alpha protein upon stimulation was also decreased in TTP/TZF-transduced cells. Transduction of either gene also affected the expression of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor mRNA in a similar fashion, but not that of c-myc. The growth rate of TTP-transduced Jurkat T cells tended to be slower than that of TZF- or mock-transduced cells. TTP-transduced cells were more susceptible to campthothecin-induced apoptosis than others. Our results indicate that either TTP or TZF gene transduction using retrovirus vectors can reduce the production of TNF-alpha in Jurkat T cells although some differences were noted between TTP and TZF in cell growth and occurrence of apoptosis. These results suggest that TTP may be a potential target for new therapies against RA.

PMID:
16596264
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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