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J Pers Soc Psychol. 2006 Mar;90(3):351-67.

Construal levels and self-control.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA. kf348@nyu.edu

Abstract

The authors propose that self-control involves making decisions and behaving in a manner consistent with high-level versus low-level construals of a situation. Activation of high-level construals (which capture global, superordinate, primary features of an event) should lead to greater self-control than activation of low-level construals (which capture local, subordinate, secondary features). In 6 experiments using 3 different techniques, the authors manipulated construal levels and assessed their effects on self-control and underlying psychological processes. High-level construals led to decreased preferences for immediate over delayed outcomes, greater physical endurance, stronger intentions to exert self-control, and less positive evaluations of temptations that undermine self-control. These results support a construal-level analysis of self-control.

PMID:
16594824
PMCID:
PMC3153425
DOI:
10.1037/0022-3514.90.3.351
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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