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Psychol Methods. 2006 Mar;11(1):19-35.

Testing differences between nested covariance structure models: Power analysis and null hypotheses.

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University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Psychology, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3270, USA.


For comparing nested covariance structure models, the standard procedure is the likelihood ratio test of the difference in fit, where the null hypothesis is that the models fit identically in the population. A procedure for determining statistical power of this test is presented where effect size is based on a specified difference in overall fit of the models. A modification of the standard null hypothesis of zero difference in fit is proposed allowing for testing an interval hypothesis that the difference in fit between models is small, rather than zero. These developments are combined yielding a procedure for estimating power of a test of a null hypothesis of small difference in fit versus an alternative hypothesis of larger difference.

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