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Palliat Support Care. 2004 Mar;2(1):23-31.

Difficulties in screening for adjustment disorder, Part I: Use of existing screening instruments in cancer patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation.

Author information

1
Symptom Management and Palliative Care Program, Markey Cancer Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536-0093, USA. klkirsh@uky.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Although success rates for bone marrow transplantation (BMT) continue to improve, there is still a high level of morbidity and physical and emotional distress associated with BMT. To date, limited research has focused on the assessment of and screening for specific psychiatric disorders of patients facing BMT. This is especially true with regard to identifying adjustment disorder (AD), despite the fact that AD is the most prevalent psychiatric diagnosis in cancer patients.

METHODS:

A sample of 95 BMT patients were interviewed using the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (SCID) and completed several commonly used self-report instruments to determine if these tools could be used to identify patients with adjustment disorder in need of further assessment and intervention.

RESULTS:

Of these patients, 34.7% were diagnosed with adjustment disorder, 11.6% with major depression, and 5.3% with generalized anxiety disorder. The instruments were not found to be predictive of AD. However, the results of a regression analysis showed that the Social Subscale of the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (R2 delta = 0.04, F = 4.30, p < 0.05) was a significant predictor of adjustment disorder.

SIGNIFICANCE OF RESULTS:

We conclude that there is little efficacy in using existing scales for detecting adjustment disorders in cancer patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation, and that other tools for identifying patients with adjustment disorder who might benefit from counseling are needed.

PMID:
16594232
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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