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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 Aug;83(16):5840-3.

Amino acid sequence of a prothoracicotropic hormone of the silkworm Bombyx mori.

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Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113, Japan.


We have determined the complete amino acid sequence of 4K-PTTH-II, one of three forms of the M(r) 4400 prothoracicotropic hormone of the silkworm Bombyx mori, active to brainless pupae of Samia cynthia ricini. Like vertebrate insulin, it consists of two nonidentical peptide chains (A and B chains). The A chain consists of 20 amino acid residues. The B chain is a mixture of four microheterogeneous peptides, two of which consist of 28 residues, and the other two, of 26 residues. 4K-PTTH-II has considerable sequence homology (40%) with human insulin, and it resembles porcine relaxin both in the carboxyl-terminal cysteine residue of the A chain and in the amino-terminal pyroglutamic acid residue of the B chain. The identical distribution of the six cysteine residues also indicates that 4K-PTTH-II belongs to the insulin family.

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