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Am J Physiol. 1991 Nov;261(5 Pt 2):F799-807.

Active Ca2+ transport in primary cultures of rabbit kidney CCD: stimulation by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and PTH.

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Department of Physiology, University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands.


Rabbit connecting tubules and cortical collecting ducts, which represent 79 +/- 5% of the calbindin-D28k-containing kidney cells, were isolated by immunodissection from the rabbit kidney superficial cortex and seeded on permeable filters. After 6 days in culture the monolayers developed a potential difference (PD) of -24 +/- 3 mV (lumen negative) and a transepithelial resistance (R) of 284 +/- 19 omega.cm2. Addition of 10(-6) M amiloride to or removal of Na+ from the mucosal side reversed the PD to +6 +/- 4 mV and concomitantly increased R to 660 +/- 122 omega.cm2. The cells developed functional parathyroid hormone (PTH) and arginine vasopressin receptors, but calcitonin receptors were absent. The monolayer actively absorbed Ca2+ against an electrochemical gradient with a rate of 121 +/- 13 Removal of serosal Na+ inhibited Ca2+ absorption by 63 +/- 8%. Exposure to 10(-7) M 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] for 48 h or 10(-7) M bovine PTH (bPTH)-(1-34) for 1 h, increased transcellular Ca2+ absorption by 53 +/- 13% or 24 +/- 8%, respectively. The effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 and PTH in combination were neither additive nor potentiating. In addition, the cultured cells expressed calbindin-D28k, and, after exposure to 10(-7) M 1,25(OH)2D3 for 48 h, the calbindin-D28k content increased fourfold.

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