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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 1991 Jul;28(3-4):351-63.

Development and functional characterization of monoclonal antibodies recognizing chicken lymphocytes with natural killer cell activity.

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Protozoan Diseases Laboratory, US Department of Agriculture, ARS, Beltsville, MD 20705.


We have developed two monoclonal antibodies which detect cell surface antigens present on chicken lymphocytes mediating natural killer (NK) cell activity against the avian tumor cell target. The monoclonal antibodies, K-14 and K-108, stained 17 and 6% of splenic lymphocytes, and 11 and 14% of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL), respectively, and fewer than 5% of thymic and bursal lymphocytes. Neither of these monoclonal antibodies stained adherent macrophages or the MC29-virus transformed monocytic cell line. Both monoclonal antibodies significantly inhibited NK cell activity in a standard 4 h 51Cr-release cytotoxicity assay using the LSCC-RP9 tumor cell line as target cells at an effector to target ratio of 50:1. Pretreatment of splenocytes with either monoclonal antibody in the presence of rabbit complement (C) resulted in a significant reduction in NK cell activity. However, the monoclonal antibody K-1 which detects normal chicken macrophages did not interfere with NK cell activity. The monoclonal antibody K-108 significantly blocked Fc receptor-mediated rosette formation of sheep red blood cells coated with IgG antibodies (EA) by 56% while the monoclonal antibody K-14 did not show a significant blocking. These results indicate that the monoclonal antibodies K-108 and K-14 identify different epitopes present on the surface of chicken splenic lymphocytes which mediate spontaneous NK cytotoxicity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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