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J Infect Dis. 2006 May 1;193(9):1275-8. Epub 2006 Mar 23.

Staphylococcus aureus carriers neutralize superantigens by antibodies specific for their colonizing strain: a potential explanation for their improved prognosis in severe sepsis.

Author information

1
Institute for Immunology and Transfusion Medicine, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.

Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most common causes of hospital-acquired infections. At the same time, 25% of healthy persons are symptom-free S. aureus carriers, and they have an increased risk of developing nosocomial S. aureus septicemia. Paradoxically, their prognosis is much better than that of noncarriers. We compared the antibody profiles for carriers and noncarriers toward S. aureus superantigens. In carriers, we found high titers of neutralizing antibodies specific for those superantigens that are expressed by their colonizing strain. The results show that carriage status confers strain-specific humoral immunity, which may contribute to protection during S. aureus septicemia.

PMID:
16586365
DOI:
10.1086/503048
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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