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Am J Perinatol. 2006 Apr;23(3):153-8. Epub 2006 Feb 22.

Profile of serum S100beta levels during maturation in fetal and neonatal sheep.

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Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.


Serum levels of the protein S-100beta are dependent on three factors: rate of production, permeability of the blood-brain barrier, and rate of clearance. In the developing fetus and neonate all of these factors change at different rates. This study was performed to determine how serum S-100 levels varied during fetal and early postnatal life. Blood samples were obtained from 41 fetal and neonatal lambs. The blood was separated in a centrifuge and the serum drawn off and assayed for S-100beta using a commercially available radioimunoassay kit. S-100beta did not appear in the blood until halfway through pregnancy. Thereafter, levels steadily increased until 1 month after birth. Following this, S-100beta levels decreased progressively until by 1 year of age, they had reached a plateau. S-100beta levels change significantly with normal fetal and neonatal maturation. Valid interpretation of other data from subjects of similar developmental stage must take into consideration this physiological variation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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