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Leukemia. 1991 Sep;5(9):772-81.

Stromal populations and fibrosis in human long-term bone marrow cultures.

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Laboratory of Experimental Hematology, University of Antwerp, Belgium.


An immunofluorescence study of the adherent layer of human long-term bone marrow cultures (HLTBMC) revealed the following surface markers on the different stromal cell populations: stromal fibroblastic cells CD10+, FIB86.3+, CD13+, CD71+; adipocytes CD10+, FIB86.3-, CD13+, CD71-/+; and macrophages CD10-/+, FIB86.3+, CD13+, CD71-/+, CD14+, CD33+, CD25+, HLA-DR+, CD4+, CD19+, CD45+. The markers of the stromal fibroblastic cells in HLTBMC were similar to those of twice-passaged fibroblasts not only from bone marrow and spleen, but also from a hemopoietic non-supportive organ such as the skin. Some of the cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells used as controls were found to be CD25+, demonstrating for the first time the interleukin-2 receptor p55 chain on normal non-hemopoietic cells. The stromal fibroblastic cells are overrepresented compared to the small non-macrophage hemopoietic cell population in the adherent layer of HLTBMC. In addition, silver staining revealed an increased reticulin content in most of the HLTBMC. An excessive growth of stromal fibroblastic cells and an excessive deposition of their product, the reticulin fibers, are the hallmark of myelofibrosis. The finding of equivalent observations in HLTBMC suggests that the hitherto unexplained, premature quenching of hemopoiesis in HLTBMC might at least partly be due to mechanisms similar to those operating in myelofibrosis in vivo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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