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Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2006 Oct;74(1):57-65. Epub 2006 Apr 11.

Psychosocial and non-psychosocial risk factors for the new diagnosis of diabetes in elderly women.

Author information

1
School of Psychology, Queensland University of Technology, Australia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Determine psychosocial variables associated with the new diagnosis of diabetes in elderly women. Examine whether variables remained significant predictors after controlling for non-psychosocial risk factors and the frequency of doctor visits.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

A longitudinal cohort study was conducted using data from 10300 women who completed a survey in 1996 and 1999. The women were aged between 70 and 74 years of age in 1996. The were asked to provide self-reports on a number of psychosocial and non-psychosocial variables in 1996 and on whether they had been diagnosed for the first time with diabetes in the 3-year period. The relationships between the potential risk factors and new diagnosis of diabetes were examined using binary logistic regression analysis.

RESULTS:

Univariate results showed that not having a current partner, having low social support and having a mental health index score in the clinical range were all associated with higher risks of being diagnosed with diabetes for the first time. However the multivariate results showed that only a mental health index score in the clinical range and not having a current partner provided unique prediction of being newly diagnosed with diabetes. Of the non-psychosocial variables measured, only having a high BMI and hypertension were associated with increased risks of new diagnosis, while there was also evidence of a U shaped relationship between alcohol consumption and new diagnosis. Even after adjusting for frequency of doctor visits and non-psychosocial risk factors, a mental health index in the clinical range proved to still be a significant risk factor.

CONCLUSIONS:

A score on the mental health index that is within the clinical range is an independent risk factor for the new diagnosis of diabetes in elderly women.

PMID:
16584801
DOI:
10.1016/j.diabres.2006.02.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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