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Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2006 Apr;64(4):463-8.

Effects of oestradiol and oestroprogestin on erythrocyte antioxidative enzyme system activity in postmenopausal women.

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Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Isotope Treatment, Medical University of Wroclaw, Wroclaw, Poland.



Data concerning the relationship between sex steroid hormones and the cellular antioxidative enzyme system are controversial. We investigated the effects of oestradiol deficiency after menopause and the influence of transdermal oestradiol therapy (ET) and hormonal (oestradiol plus medroxyprogesterone) replacement therapy (HT) on erythrocyte superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and catalase (CAT). GSH and selenium (Se) concentrations were also estimated. Serum lipid peroxide (LPO) levels were measured as an indicator of free-radical production and lipid peroxidation.


The study group consisted of 80 postmenopausal women, divided into two subgroups: 26 women with surgically induced menopause (ET1) and 54 women with physiological menopause (HT1). Forty premenopausal healthy volunteers were controls (C group).


LPO was higher in postmenopausal women and decreased after both ET and HT. GSH-Px and GSH were lower in the postmenopausal groups but increased significantly after both types of therapy. Se concentrations did not differ significantly among the groups. CAT activities were similar in all groups and decreased after ET and HT. SOD activities in postmenopausal women were similar to those in the C group and did not change significantly after treatment.


The administration of natural oestrogens to postmenopausal women diminishes oxidative stress and increases antioxidative cell potency.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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