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Lab Anim Sci. 1991 Apr;41(2):134-8.

Comparison of direct and indirect blood pressure measurement in anesthetized dogs.

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Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University, E. Lansing 48824-1316.


This study was conducted to determine whether blood pressures and pulse rate could be determined accurately by indirect measurements from the front and hind legs of 15- to 40-kg dogs anesthetized with isoflurane. Indirect measurements from each animal were compared to direct measurements obtained from a catheter placed into the abdominal aorta via the femoral artery at four ranges of systolic pressure. When systolic pressure was above 80 mm Hg, indirect measurements were either the same as direct measurements or slightly lower. However, when systolic pressures were below 80 mm Hg, indirect systolic pressure measurements were 6 to 15% higher than direct measurements. Larger differences in diastolic pressures were found, which resulted in differences in mean pressure. The most accurate measurements were found when the cuff width-to-limb circumference ratio was between 0.4 and 0.6 and when systolic pressure was between 80 and 100 mm Hg.

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