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Microb Drug Resist. 2006 Spring;12(1):39-43.

Evaluation of imipenem/imipenem+EDTA disk method for detection of metallo-beta-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from blood cultures.

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Microbiology Department, G. Gennimatas General Hospital of Athens, GR-156 59 Athens, Greece.


The objective of this study was to evaluate the imipenem (IMP) and IMP+EDTA (IMP/IMP+EDTA) disk method for the detection of metallo-beta-lactamases (MBLs) in clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae with various MIC levels to IMP. Forty-one blood isolates of K. pneumoniae with MIC to IMP ranging from < or =0.5 to > or =16 microg/ml were examined. The MICs were determined by VITEK-2 (bioMerieux Vitek two, France). Disks of 10 microg IMP with and without the addition of 0.5 M EDTA were used for the IMP/IMP+EDTA disk method. The E-test (AB Biodisk, Solna, Sweden) for MBL detection was also used. All isolates were examined for the bla (VIM-1) gene by PCR and for clonality of VIM-1-producing isolates by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). All isolates with MIC values of IMP < or =0.5 microg/ml exhibited no differences in inhibition zone diameters (IZD) produced by IMP and IMP+EDTA disks, whereas the isolates with MICs > or =1 microg/ml showed an increase in IZD, ranging from 8 to 26 mm. All isolates with MIC values of > or =1 microg/ml were found positive for the bla (VIM-1) gene by PCR and for MBL production by the E-test, whereas none of isolates with MICs <0.5 microg/ml was found positive by any of the tests. DNA restriction fragments generated by PFGE of VIM-1-producing isolates were classified in four main types. The IMP/IMP+EDTA disk method is simple to perform, sensitive, and specific for detection of MBL-producing K. pneumoniae clinical isolates. K. pneumoniae isolates with MICs of IMP > or =1 microg/ml and/or IZD produced by IMP disk <19 mm should be tested for MBL production.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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