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Biochemistry. 2006 Apr 11;45(14):4664-73.

ADP-ribosylation of cyclophilin A by Pseudomonas aeruginosa exoenzyme S.

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Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA.


The virulence of the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) is in part mediated by the type III secretion (TTS) of bacterial proteins into eukaryotic hosts. Exoenzyme S (ExoS) is a bifunctional Pa TTS effector protein, with GTPase-activating (GAP) and ADP-ribosyltransferase (ADPRT) activities. Known cellular substrates of TTS-translocated ExoS (TTS-ExoS) ADPRT activity include proteins in the Ras superfamily and ERM family proteins. This study describes the ADP-ribosylation of a non-G-protein substrate of TTS-ExoS, cyclophilin A (CpA), a peptidyl-prolyl isomerase (PPIase). Four novel 17 kDa proteins (pI 6.5-6.8) were recognized in a proteomic screen of lysates of human epithelial cells that had been exposed to ExoS-producing Pa, but not an isogenic non-ExoS producing strain. The proteins were identified as isoforms of CpA using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and confirmed by Western blotting. Mutagenesis analysis identified arginine 55 and 69 of CpA as sites of ExoS ADP-ribosylation. Examination of the effect of ExoS ADP-ribosylation on CpA function found a moderate (19%) decrease in prolyl isomerization of a Xaa-Pro containing peptides. In comparison, GST-CpA co-immunoprecipitation studies found ExoS ADP-ribosylation of CpA to efficiently inhibit CpA binding to calcineurin/PP2B phosphatase. Our results support that ExoS ADP-ribosylates and affects the function of the cytosolic protein, CpA, with the predominant functional effect relating to interference of CpA-cellular protein interactions.

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