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J Acoust Soc Am. 2006 Mar;119(3):1538-47.

Electrophysiologic channel interaction, electrode pitch ranking, and behavioral threshold in straight versus perimodiolar cochlear implant electrode arrays.

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Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Iowa, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA.


The primary goal of this study was to examine electrophysiologic measures of channel interaction, electrode pitch discrimination ability using a pitch-ranking task, and behavioral threshold levels in individuals implanted with a straight electrode array versus a perimodiolar array. It was hypothesized that perimodiolar arrays should yield lower thresholds, less channel interaction as measured with the electrically evoked compound action potential (ECAP), and better electrode pitch-ranking ability. Results from ten adult Nucleus 24 recipients (N=5 straight array, N=5 perimodiolar Contour array) showed no significant difference in threshold between the two electrode designs; however, there was significantly better electrode pitch-ranking ability and less channel interaction as measured with the ECAP for perimodiolar electrodes. Additionally, there was a significant positive correlation between behavioral threshold and width of the ECAP interaction function for Contour group data. There was no significant correlation between behavioral threshold and electrode pitch-ranking ability. These data suggest that electrode design and/or perimodiolar position may reduce physiologic channel interaction in the cochlea and improve electrode pitch discrimination ability; however, this positive finding did not translate into significantly better speech perception ability for Contour subjects.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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