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Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2006 Jun;143(2):218-24. Epub 2006 Mar 6.

Response of catalase activity to Ag+, Cd2+, Cr6+, Cu2+ and Zn2+ in five tissues of freshwater fish Oreochromis niloticus.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences and Letters, University of Cukurova, Adana, Turkey. gatli@cu.edu.tr

Abstract

Catalase (CAT, EC 1.11.1.6) is an important enzyme in antioxidant defense system protecting animals from oxidative stress. Freshwater fish Oreochromis niloticus were exposed for 96 h to different concentrations of Ag(+), Cd(2+), Cr(6+), Cu(2+) and Zn(2+), known to cause oxidative stress, and subsequently CAT activities in liver, kidney, gill, intestine and brain were measured. In vivo, CAT was stimulated by all metals except Ag(+) in the liver and the highest increase in CAT activity (183%) resulted from 1.0 mg Cd(2+)/L exposure, whereas 0.5 mg Ag(+)/L exposure resulted in a sharp decrease (44%). In tilapia kidney, cadmium and zinc had no significant effects on CAT activity, whereas 0.1 mg Cr(6+)/L exposure caused a decrease (44%). Cadmium and zinc did not significantly affect the CAT activity in gill; however, 0.5 mg Ag(+)/L exposure caused an increase (66%) and 1.5 mg Cr(6+)/L exposure caused a decrease (97%) in CAT activity. All metals, except Cu(2+)(41% increase), caused significant decreases in CAT activity in the intestine. In brain, 1.0 mg Zn(2+)/L resulted in an increase in CAT activity (126%), while 1.5 mg Ag(+)/L exposure caused a 54% decrease. In vitro, all metals -- except Ag(+) and Cu(2+) in kidney -- significantly inhibited the CAT activity in all tissues. Results emphasized that CAT may be considered as a sensitive bioindicator of the antioxidant defense system.

PMID:
16581305
DOI:
10.1016/j.cbpc.2006.02.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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